Hibiscus rosa-Sinensis belongs to Malvaceae family and Hibiscus as a genus. [8][16], Numerous varieties, cultivars, and hybrids are available, with flower colors ranging from white through yellow and orange to scarlet and shades of pink, with both single and double sets of petals. Ever had hibiscus tea at Starbucks? In the Bengal area of eastern India, the red variety of this flower is used to worship Kali. It is also used to shine shoes in certain parts of India. The hibiscus rosa-sinensis is known variously as “rose mallow,” “shoe flower,” “Queen of Tropical Flowers,” and — in Malaysia — bunga raya. The red of the petals symbolizes the courage, life, and rapid growth of the Malaysian, and the five petals represent the five Rukun Negara of Malaysia. If you run out of shoe polish, have no fear, the bunga raya is here! Your email address will not be published. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is the national flower of Malaysia, called bunga raya (literally: great flower) in Malay. In Indonesia, these flowers are called "kembang sepatu", which literally means "shoe flower".

Required fields are marked *, Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis: The National Flower of Malaysia, Iris Tectorum: The National Flower of Algeria, Golden Wattle: The National Flower of Australia. It has 5 carpels, 5 locules, 5 sepals, and the amount of stamens may vary. The flowers of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis are edible and are used in salads in the Pacific Islands. On 28 July 1960, it was declared by the government of Malaysia that Hibiscus rosa-sinensis would be the national flower. The green, ovate, petiolate leaves of a hibiscus plant are jagged-edged, and they’re arranged alternately on the stems.

[10], The endangered Papilio homerus butterfly, the largest in the western hemisphere, is known to feed on the nectar of the Hibiscus. Hibiscus rosa-Sinensis is a wonderful flower with so many uses but its existence is still unknown.

(Venation is branched or divergent.) The Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is literally known as the "celebratory flower" in Malay. Recent studies have found that hibiscus may help to lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and can be used as a weight loss aid because of its effect on the human metabolism. Venation is unicostate reticulate.

Running competitors included the jasmine, magnolia, medlar, ylang ylang, lotus, and rose, but the solid red flower with a yellow stamen won out. The hibiscus has hundreds of stamens. You can have it hot, iced, carbonated, or bottled. Don’t worry, these are the kinds of acids that won’t hurt. 2011. Yes, you remember reciting that pledge in school. When the hibiscus begins to bloom, the petals begin to grow which contains multiple petals and multiple colors. The ovary lies at the bottom of the blossom and the hibiscus has only one ovary which is superior. [11], Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is one of many plant species with a genetic characteristic known as polyploidy, in which there are more than two complete sets of chromosomes, unlike most other species. Just rub the flower petals against your squeaky leather shoes, and walk out the door looking like you just bought them. Hibiscus rosa-Sinensis was declared the national flower of Malaysia in 1960 by the  Malaysian Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj. The vibrant colours of the flower made it stand out; it also symbolised the courage and vitality of the people It has 5 petals usually of red in color with orange anther at the center.

The cultivar 'Cooperi' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[3][17]. Free lateral stipules are present. Actually, even the bees enjoy a hibiscus meal or two. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, known colloquially as Chinese hibiscus,[2] China rose,[2] Hawaiian hibiscus,[2] rose mallow[3] and shoeblackplant,[4] is a species of tropical hibiscus, a flowering plant in the Hibisceae tribe of the family Malvaceae. Overall, the hibiscus is a dicot, solitary (axillary), complete, perfect, has a superior ovary, regular symmetry, and axile placentation.

To choose the type of flower which may be selected as the national flower; a study was carried out by the Department of Information to get the reaction of the public.

The National Flower Of Malaysia is Hibiscus rosa-Sinensis. The reason it makes such a strong, tart tea is because of its abundance of citric acid, tartaric acid, malic acid, and its own unique hibiscus acid (allo-hydroxycitric acid lactone). [9] In the subtropical and temperate Americas, hummingbirds are regularly attracted to it. The “Queen of Tropical Flowers” boasts many subspecies, but none is more splendid than the, Red hibiscus flower | © Jason Kautz / Shutterstock, lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels. It is usually called Bunga Raya by Malaysian people, Bunga means ‘Flower’ in Malaysian and ‘Raya’ means ‘Big’ in Malaysian. Together, these organs make up the male part of the flower known as the stamen. It’s a thing. The five hairy red spots on the top of the flower is the stigma (female part) of the flower. Despite its size and red hues, which are attractive to nectarivore birds, it is not visited regularly by hummingbirds when grown in the Neotropics.



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